fgetc, getc

Defined in header <stdio.h>
int fgetc( FILE *stream );
int getc( FILE *stream );

Reads the next character from the given input stream. getc() may be implemented as a macro.


stream - to read the character from

Return value

The obtained character on success or EOF on failure.

If the failure has been caused by end-of-file condition, additionally sets the eof indicator (see feof()) on stream. If the failure has been caused by some other error, sets the error indicator (see ferror()) on stream.


#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
int main(void)
    FILE* fp = fopen("test.txt", "r");
    if(!fp) {
        perror("File opening failed");
        return EXIT_FAILURE;
    int c; // note: int, not char, required to handle EOF
    while ((c = fgetc(fp)) != EOF) { // standard C I/O file reading loop
    if (ferror(fp))
        puts("I/O error when reading");
    else if (feof(fp))
        puts("End of file reached successfully");


  • C11 standard (ISO/IEC 9899:2011):
    • The fgetc function (p: 330)
    • The getc function (p: 332)
  • C99 standard (ISO/IEC 9899:1999):
    • The fgetc function (p: 296)
    • The getc function (p: 297-298)
  • C89/C90 standard (ISO/IEC 9899:1990):
    • The fgetc function
    • The getc function

See also

(until C11)(since C11)
reads a character string from stdin
writes a character to a file stream
puts a character back into a file stream
C++ documentation for fgetc, getc

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