/C

# acos, acosf, acosl

Defined in header `<math.h>`
`float       acosf( float arg );`
(1) (since C99)
`double      acos( double arg );`
(2)
`long double acosl( long double arg );`
(3) (since C99)
Defined in header `<tgmath.h>`
`#define acos( arg )`
(4) (since C99)
1-3) Computes the principal value of the arc cosine of `arg`.
4) Type-generic macro: If the argument has type `long double`, `acosl` is called. Otherwise, if the argument has integer type or the type `double`, `acos` is called. Otherwise, `acosf` is called. If the argument is complex, then the macro invokes the corresponding complex function (`cacosf`, `cacos`, `cacosl`).

### Parameters

 arg - floating point value

### Return value

If no errors occur, the arc cosine of `arg` (arccos(arg)) in the range [0 ; π], is returned.

If a domain error occurs, an implementation-defined value is returned (NaN where supported).

If a range error occurs due to underflow, the correct result (after rounding) is returned.

### Error handling

Errors are reported as specified in math_errhandling.

Domain error occurs if `arg` is outside the range `[-1.0; 1.0]`.

If the implementation supports IEEE floating-point arithmetic (IEC 60559),

• If the argument is +1, the value `+0` is returned.
• If |arg| > 1, a domain error occurs and NaN is returned.
• if the argument is NaN, NaN is returned

### Example

```#include <stdio.h>
#include <math.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <fenv.h>
#include <string.h>

#pragma STDC FENV_ACCESS ON
int main(void)
{
printf("acos(-1) = %f\n", acos(-1));
printf("acos(0.0) = %f 2*acos(0.0) = %f\n", acos(0), 2*acos(0));
printf("acos(0.5) = %f 3*acos(0.5) = %f\n", acos(0.5), 3*acos(0.5));
printf("acos(1) = %f\n", acos(1));
// error handling
errno = 0; feclearexcept(FE_ALL_EXCEPT);
printf("acos(1.1) = %f\n", acos(1.1));
if(errno == EDOM) perror("    errno == EDOM");
if(fetestexcept(FE_INVALID)) puts("    FE_INVALID raised");
}```

Possible output:

```acos(-1) = 3.141593
acos(0.0) = 1.570796 2*acos(0.0) = 3.141593
acos(0.5) = 1.047198 3*acos(0.5) = 3.141593
acos(1) = 0.000000
acos(1.1) = nan
errno == EDOM: Numerical argument out of domain
FE_INVALID raised```

### References

• C11 standard (ISO/IEC 9899:2011):
• 7.12.4.1 The acos functions (p: 238)
• 7.25 Type-generic math <tgmath.h> (p: 373-375)
• F.10.1.1 The acos functions (p: 518)
• C99 standard (ISO/IEC 9899:1999):
• 7.12.4.1 The acos functions (p: 218)
• 7.22 Type-generic math <tgmath.h> (p: 335-337)
• F.9.1.1 The acos functions (p: 455)
• C89/C90 standard (ISO/IEC 9899:1990):
• 4.5.2.1 The acos function

 asinasinfasinl (C99)(C99) computes arc sine (arcsin(x)) (function) atanatanfatanl (C99)(C99) computes arc tangent (arctan(x)) (function) atan2atan2fatan2l (C99)(C99) computes arc tangent, using signs to determine quadrants (function) coscosfcosl (C99)(C99) computes cosine (cos(x)) (function) cacoscacosfcacosl (C99)(C99)(C99) computes the complex arc cosine (function) C++ documentation for `acos`