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isspace

Defined in header <ctype.h>
int isspace( int ch );

Checks if the given character is a whitespace character, i.e. either space (0x20), form feed (0x0c), line feed (0x0a), carriage return (0x0d), horizontal tab (0x09) or vertical tab (0x0b).

The behavior is undefined if the value of ch is not representable as unsigned char and is not equal to EOF.

Parameters

ch - character to classify

Return value

Non-zero value if the character is a whitespace character, zero otherwise.

Example

#include <stdio.h>
#include <ctype.h>
#include <limits.h>
 
int main(void)
{
    for (int ndx=0; ndx<=UCHAR_MAX; ndx++)
        if (isspace(ndx)) printf("0x%02x\n", ndx);
}

Output:

0x09
0x0a
0x0b
0x0c
0x0d
0x20

References

  • C11 standard (ISO/IEC 9899:2011):
    • 7.4.1.10 The isspace function (p: 202-203)
  • C99 standard (ISO/IEC 9899:1999):
    • 7.4.1.10 The isspace function (p: 183-184)
  • C89/C90 standard (ISO/IEC 9899:1990):
    • 4.3.1.9 The isspace function

See also

(C95)
checks if a wide character is a space character
(function)
C++ documentation for isspace
ASCII values
(hex)
characters

iscntrl
iswcntrl.

isprint
iswprint.

isspace
iswspace.

isblank
iswblank.

isgraph
iswgraph.

ispunct
iswpunct.

isalnum
iswalnum.

isalpha
iswalpha.

isupper
iswupper.

islower
iswlower.

isdigit
iswdigit.

isxdigit
iswxdigit.

0 - 8 0x00-0x08 control codes (NUL, etc.) ≠0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
9 0x09 tab (\t) ≠0 0 ≠0 ≠0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
10 - 13 0x0A-0x0D whitespaces (\n,\v,\f,\r) ≠0 0 ≠0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
14 - 31 0x0E-0x1F control codes ≠0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
32 0x20 space 0 ≠0 ≠0 ≠0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
33 - 47 0x21-0x2F !"#$%&'()*+,-./ 0 ≠0 0 0 ≠0 ≠0 0 0 0 0 0 0
48 - 57 0x30-0x39 0123456789 0 ≠0 0 0 ≠0 0 ≠0 0 0 0 ≠0 ≠0
58 - 64 0x3a-0x40 :;<=>[email protected] 0 ≠0 0 0 ≠0 ≠0 0 0 0 0 0 0
65 - 70 0x41-0x46 ABCDEF 0 ≠0 0 0 ≠0 0 ≠0 ≠0 ≠0 0 0 ≠0
71 - 90 0x47-0x5A GHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ 0 ≠0 0 0 ≠0 0 ≠0 ≠0 ≠0 0 0 0
91 - 96 0x5B-0x60 [\]^_` 0 ≠0 0 0 ≠0 ≠0 0 0 0 0 0 0
97 -102 0x61-0x66 abcdef 0 ≠0 0 0 ≠0 0 ≠0 ≠0 0 ≠0 0 ≠0
103-122 0x67-0x7A ghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz 0 ≠0 0 0 ≠0 0 ≠0 ≠0 0 ≠0 0 0
123-126 0x7B-0x7E {|}~ 0 ≠0 0 0 ≠0 ≠0 0 0 0 0 0 0
127 0x7F backspace character (DEL) ≠0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

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