Defined in header <cstddef>
Defined in header <cstring>
Defined in header <cwchar>
Defined in header <ctime>
Defined in header <cstdio>
Defined in header <clocale>
Defined in header <cstdlib>
#define NULL /*implementation-defined*/

The macro NULL is an implementation-defined null pointer constant, which may be.

an integral constant expression rvalue of integer type that evaluates to zero.

(until C++11)

an integer literal with value zero, or a prvalue of type std::nullptr_t.

(since C++11)

A null pointer constant may be implicitly converted to any pointer type; such conversion results in the null pointer value of that type. If a null pointer constant has integer type, it may be converted to a prvalue of type std::nullptr_t.

Possible implementation

#define NULL 0
//since C++11
#define NULL nullptr


In C, the macro NULL may have the type void*, but that is not allowed in C++.


#include <cstddef>
class S;
int main()
    int* p = NULL;
    int* p2 = static_cast<std::nullptr_t>(NULL);
    void(*f)(int) = NULL;
    int S::*mp = NULL;
    void(S::*mfp)(int) = NULL;

Defect reports

The following behavior-changing defect reports were applied retroactively to previously published C++ standards.

DR Applied to Behavior as published Correct behavior
CWG 903 C++11 constant expressions with zero value such as 1-1 were allowed only the literal zero is allowed

See also

nullptr the pointer literal which specifies a null pointer value (C++11)
the type of the null pointer literal nullptr
C documentation for NULL

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