std::remove_cv, std::remove_const, std::remove_volatile

Defined in header <type_traits>
template< class T >
struct remove_cv;
(1) (since C++11)
template< class T >
struct remove_const;
(2) (since C++11)
template< class T >
struct remove_volatile;
(3) (since C++11)

Provides the member typedef type which is the same as T, except that its topmost cv-qualifiers are removed.

1) removes the topmost const, the topmost volatile, or both, if present.

2) removes the topmost const.

3) removes the topmost volatile.

Member types

Name Definition
type the type T without cv-qualifier

Helper types

template< class T >
using remove_cv_t       = typename remove_cv<T>::type;
(since C++14)
template< class T >
using remove_const_t    = typename remove_const<T>::type;
(since C++14)
template< class T >
using remove_volatile_t = typename remove_volatile<T>::type;
(since C++14)

Possible implementation

template< class T >
struct remove_cv {
    typedef typename std::remove_volatile<typename std::remove_const<T>::type>::type type;
template< class T > struct remove_const          { typedef T type; };
template< class T > struct remove_const<const T> { typedef T type; };
template< class T > struct remove_volatile             { typedef T type; };
template< class T > struct remove_volatile<volatile T> { typedef T type; };


Removing const/volatile from const volatile int * does not modify the type, because the pointer itself is neither const nor volatile.

#include <iostream>
#include <type_traits>
int main() {
    typedef std::remove_cv<const int>::type type1;
    typedef std::remove_cv<volatile int>::type type2;
    typedef std::remove_cv<const volatile int>::type type3;
    typedef std::remove_cv<const volatile int*>::type type4;
    typedef std::remove_cv<int * const volatile>::type type5;
    std::cout << "test1 " << (std::is_same<int, type1>::value
        ? "passed" : "failed") << '\n';
    std::cout << "test2 " << (std::is_same<int, type2>::value
        ? "passed" : "failed") << '\n';
    std::cout << "test3 " << (std::is_same<int, type3>::value
        ? "passed" : "failed") << '\n';
    std::cout << "test4 " << (std::is_same<const volatile int*, type4>::value
        ? "passed" : "failed") << '\n';
    std::cout << "test5 " << (std::is_same<int*, type5>::value
        ? "passed" : "failed") << '\n';


test1 passed
test2 passed
test3 passed
test4 passed
test5 passed

See also

checks if a type is const-qualified
(class template)
checks if a type is volatile-qualified
(class template)

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