/OpenJDK 8 GUI

Class TreePath

All Implemented Interfaces:
public class TreePath
extends Object
implements Serializable

TreePath represents an array of objects that uniquely identify the path to a node in a tree. The elements of the array are ordered with the root as the first element of the array. For example, a file on the file system is uniquely identified based on the array of parent directories and the name of the file. The path /tmp/foo/bar could be represented by a TreePath as new TreePath(new Object[] {"tmp", "foo", "bar"}).

TreePath is used extensively by JTree and related classes. For example, JTree represents the selection as an array of TreePaths. When used with JTree, the elements of the path are the objects returned from the TreeModel. When JTree is paired with DefaultTreeModel, the elements of the path are TreeNodes. The following example illustrates extracting the user object from the selection of a JTree:

DefaultMutableTreeNode root = ...;
   DefaultTreeModel model = new DefaultTreeModel(root);
   JTree tree = new JTree(model);
   TreePath selectedPath = tree.getSelectionPath();
   DefaultMutableTreeNode selectedNode =
Subclasses typically need override only getLastPathComponent, and getParentPath. As JTree internally creates TreePaths at various points, it's generally not useful to subclass TreePath and use with JTree.

While TreePath is serializable, a NotSerializableException is thrown if any elements of the path are not serializable.

For further information and examples of using tree paths, see How to Use Trees in The Java Tutorial.

Warning: Serialized objects of this class will not be compatible with future Swing releases. The current serialization support is appropriate for short term storage or RMI between applications running the same version of Swing. As of 1.4, support for long term storage of all JavaBeans™ has been added to the java.beans package. Please see XMLEncoder.



public TreePath(Object[] path)

Creates a TreePath from an array. The array uniquely identifies the path to a node.

path - an array of objects representing the path to a node
IllegalArgumentException - if path is null, empty, or contains a null value


public TreePath(Object lastPathComponent)

Creates a TreePath containing a single element. This is used to construct a TreePath identifying the root.

lastPathComponent - the root
IllegalArgumentException - if lastPathComponent is null
See Also:


protected TreePath(TreePath parent,
                   Object lastPathComponent)

Creates a TreePath with the specified parent and element.

parent - the path to the parent, or null to indicate the root
lastPathComponent - the last path element
IllegalArgumentException - if lastPathComponent is null


protected TreePath(Object[] path,
                   int length)

Creates a TreePath from an array. The returned TreePath represents the elements of the array from 0 to length - 1.

This constructor is used internally, and generally not useful outside of subclasses.

path - the array to create the TreePath from
length - identifies the number of elements in path to create the TreePath from
NullPointerException - if path is null
ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException - if length - 1 is outside the range of the array
IllegalArgumentException - if any of the elements from 0 to length - 1 are null


protected TreePath()

Creates an empty TreePath. This is provided for subclasses that represent paths in a different manner. Subclasses that use this constructor must override getLastPathComponent, and getParentPath.



public Object[] getPath()

Returns an ordered array of the elements of this TreePath. The first element is the root.

an array of the elements in this TreePath


public Object getLastPathComponent()

Returns the last element of this path.

the last element in the path


public int getPathCount()

Returns the number of elements in the path.

the number of elements in the path


public Object getPathComponent(int index)

Returns the path element at the specified index.

index - the index of the element requested
the element at the specified index
IllegalArgumentException - if the index is outside the range of this path


public boolean equals(Object o)

Compares this TreePath to the specified object. This returns true if o is a TreePath with the exact same elements (as determined by using equals on each element of the path).

equals in class Object
o - the object to compare
true if this object is the same as the obj argument; false otherwise.
See Also:
Object.hashCode(), HashMap


public int hashCode()

Returns the hash code of this TreePath. The hash code of a TreePath is the hash code of the last element in the path.

hashCode in class Object
the hashCode for the object
See Also:
Object.equals(java.lang.Object), System.identityHashCode(java.lang.Object)


public boolean isDescendant(TreePath aTreePath)

Returns true if aTreePath is a descendant of this TreePath. A TreePath P1 is a descendant of a TreePath P2 if P1 contains all of the elements that make up P2's path. For example, if this object has the path [a, b], and aTreePath has the path [a, b, c], then aTreePath is a descendant of this object. However, if aTreePath has the path [a], then it is not a descendant of this object. By this definition a TreePath is always considered a descendant of itself. That is, aTreePath.isDescendant(aTreePath) returns true.

aTreePath - the TreePath to check
true if aTreePath is a descendant of this path


public TreePath pathByAddingChild(Object child)

Returns a new path containing all the elements of this path plus child. child is the last element of the newly created TreePath.

child - the path element to add
NullPointerException - if child is null


public TreePath getParentPath()

Returns the TreePath of the parent. A return value of null indicates this is the root node.

the parent path


public String toString()

Returns a string that displays and identifies this object's properties.

toString in class Object
a String representation of this object

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